Spiders are arachnids that have two body parts: cephalothorax and abdomen with eight legs attached to cephalothorax. There are approximately 40 different spider species that live in or around buildings in Georgia and South Carolina. Most spiders construct webs to trap their prey, which causes an unsightly appearance in and around the structure. Some spiders such as the Wolf spider are free roaming and do not construct webbing. They are mobile in their hunt for prey.
Most spiders are harmless and in fact are very beneficial due to preying upon flies, crickets and other small insects. Spiders rarely bite and most have fangs that are too small to puncture human skin. Of the 40 species of spiders found in our area, the black widow, brown widow and brown recluse are the only species that can cause serious health concerns. The brown recluse spider is extremely rare in our markets, with only 19 confirmed cases per article written by Dr. Nancy Hinkle.
Ever wonder how spiders get high up in a tree or powerline? Some spiders can travel by ballooning, which is a method of travel through the air. This is accomplished by small spider or spiderlings getting high up on an object and spinning a web in the air that creates a triangle shaped parachute. The parachute finally gets big enough to lift the spider air-borne with the slightest breeze. Most spiders travel a few meters to a couple hundred meters until they land.